c) The brand new east Jewish dialects display several has: ultimate be concerned (1), change from [Theta] to 1 (4), reinterpretation of verb category since the figure (5), and you may reflexive pronouns according to nos- (17). Speaking of areal provides and this period might divide anywhere between Halabja into the one hand and you will Koy Sanjaq and Azerbaijan to the most other. This is simply not obvious in which dialect each develop, however they are most likely lent from a single into the someone else rather than handed down in keeping.
Such three major groups from isoglosses show only a little part of one’s proof that is taken to happen on the taxonomy of one’s NENA dialects. Hoberman (1988, 573), playing with facts regarding pronouns, demonstrates the existence of a north Iraqi dialect class (right here illustrated from the Zakho, Tisqopa, and you will Aradhin) and therefore cannot be thought in line with the restricted data displayed right here. What is needed now could be one another thicker definitions of languages already reported, so more common and you will determining functions exists, as well as have field work in order to checklist the numerous dialects being toward verge away from extinction.
step one Thank-you are caused by those who shared studies and recommendations, instance Gene Gragg, Robert Hoberman, and you will Jo Rubba. Age.H. june stipend.
Like, f and you may grams was indeed chosen when you look at the conditions such as for instance etrog ‘citron’ and you can sefer ‘scroll of law’, where about passed on Aramaic language f could have be p and you will grams would have gone away
step 3 Garbell (1964, 100-103) claims that speakers off Jewish Azerbaiaic out of Kurdish. Their primary proof because of it is the enunciation regarding Hebrew loan-terminology in this dialect. Hebrew loanwords in the Jewish Azerbaijani maintain particular musical that have been erased or merged with folks throughout the prominent Neo-Aramaic language. Garbell says why these retentions establish these particular Hebrew conditions was indeed borrowed to begin with from inside the Kurdish, and therefore several Kurdish sound system after shifted to help you Neo-Aramaic. It appears to be likely to be that Hebrew elements from the dialect didn’t take part in the brand new sound changes in question due to this new unique religious check in that it fall-in. They may have even changed right after which already been restored on foundation of one’s antique pronunciation regarding neighboring teams.
cuatro An increasing + demonstrates the second term try noticable toward suprasegmental element ’emphasis’ that is discovered somewhat in most NENA dialects. Phonetically, emphasis are state-of-the-art, however, their top component are velarization, and is also often due to the existence of the fresh new emphatic consonants t and you can s.
seven Throughout the dialect of Tyari [Theta] have a tendency to will get s. That it dialect, that was spoken in advance of 1915 during the a local off Hakkari, is not discussed here as the information in it try insufficient.
8 This is not obvious if or not this type can be obtained inside the brand new Halabja dialect. My informants from outpersonals recenze that point knew they, however, told you it actually was a whole lot more trait of neighboring city of Suleimaniya. Regardless, it’s unknown throughout the dialect of Jews out of Sanandaj.
nine Robert Hoberman suggests in my opinion that NENA models can get currently have originated a keen unattested metathesized age[Theta]peel ezdi.
Boyarin, Daniel. 1981. From inside the Bono Homini Donum: Essays during the Historical Linguistics for the Memory out-of J. Alexander Kerns, ed. Yoel L. Arbeitman and Allan Roentgen. Bomhard. Amsterdam Degree on the Concept and you can Reputation of Linguistic Technology, series IV. Latest Products within the Linguistic Theory sixteen. Area II, 613-forty two. Amsterdam: John Benjamins.
A query with the Development of one’s Center Aramaic Languages
Garbell, Irene. 1964. Flat Conditions and you will Syllables when you look at the Jewish East The fresh Aramaic out-of Persian Azerbaijan while the Continguous Areas (A dilemma of Multilingualism). Inside Education for the Egyptology and you can Linguistics in honor of H. J. Polotsky, ed. H. B. Rosen, 86-103. Jerusalem: Israel Exploration People.